Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976. It occupies an area of 1148 sq. kms. It is located in the north-east of Kathmandu , in the Khumbu region of Nepal . The park includes the world's highest peak, Mt. Everest , and several other well-known peaks such as Lhotse , Nuptse, Cho-Oyu, Pumori, Ama Dablam, Thamserku, Kwangde, Kangtaiga and Gyachung kang. The most famous would be the beautiful impeyan pheasant, the national bird of Nepal , but there are choughs, snow pigeons and Himalayan griffons among 130 others.
Over 3500 sherpas use the park for cropping and grazing and their unique culture provides yet another reason to visit. There are several important monasteries.This is one of the most popular trekking regions in the Country, but it is only accessible by foot with the nearest airstrip at lukla and the road head at Lamosangu. Many trekkers visit, lured by the highest and the most spectacular mountain scenery in the world and sherpa culture.The Park was added to the list of world heritage sites in 1979.